Let's assume that you have fetched the appropriate executables archive (if any) for your machine, together with the Documentation and Sources archive.
These archives are not simply a single executable for general use. Instead they are a (large) number of files, squished together into one file, and thus called an "archive". You have to go through a step which involves getting all the files out of the archive and into a directory on your machine.
We will give these instructions for three different kinds of systems, Windows, Macintoshes, and Unix systems.
On a Windows NT, Windows95, or Windows98
system you should have three archive files, called
phylip96.exe. These are self-extracting archives,
respectively the Documentation
and Source Code archive and two Executables archives.
On a Windows 3.1 or Windows 3.0 system you should have four archive
phylip.exe, phylipwx.exe, phylipwy.exe, and
phylipwz.exe. These are self-extracting archives.
place them in a directory, which is best called
then execute them as programs, one after another. A self-extracting
archive has a small self-extraction program on its front, and when you
run them as programs they extract themselves and write many files into
You should be able to execute these archives by clicking on their icons, or by using the Run entry in the Start menu in the lower-left corner of your screen.
Or you may want to open an "MSDOS Window" (in Windows95 this is
done using the Programs item on the Start menu which is in the lower-left
corner of your screen). In the MSDOS window, issue the command
to get to the directory that has the archives. For Windows95/98/NT, execute
them by issuing the commands:
The documentation and source code archive
the six font files
font6. So do
the executables archives
phylipwz.exe. The self-extraction
code will ask you whether you want to overwrite the copies. You can safely
answer "Yes" as the two copies of each file are identical. This is not
an indication of any error or failure of the self-extraction.
On some Windows systems if you use an MSDOS Window the system will be unable to run the four archives as programs, claiming it has too little memory. In this case it may help to exit Windows (using the Start menu) and choose the option to "Exit to MSDOS". Then it may have enough memory to carry out these operations.
Once these archives are self-extracted, you will find a file called
README.WIN. You should read it, using Windows Notepad, or EDIT, or some
word processor, for further hints on installation.
|Macintosh and PowerMac|
The archives for the PowerMac and Macintosh are BinHexed archives. If you are fetching the files using a Web browser directly from your Mac, it will probably automatically invoke Stuffit Expander to unpack the archives into self-extracting archives. Self-extracting archives are archives with a small self-extraction program on their front, so that when they are run as programs they write a great many files into a folder.
If your system does have Stuffit Expander, two self extracting archives will
be created on your desktop, and their file names will have a
.sea in them. One has the documentation and sources, and the other has the
executables. When you execute these two
.sea files as programs,
they will open a directory browsing window to allow you to find your way to
the folder where you want to put PHYLIP. I recommend that you have an empty
folder ready somewhere to put PHYLIP in. One of the two self-extracting
archives will create two folders, one for the sources and one for the
documentation file. The other will create one folder for the executables.
The main documentation file
will also be visible, and a file called
README. You should
start by reading
README, using SimpleText or some word
If you don't have Stuffit Expander, your web browser will probably
instead leave the files
on your desktop. These have to be extracted using BinHex, or you could
alternatively use our ftp server and use a MacBinary ftp transfer to get
the MacBinary versions of these two archives instead.
The archive for Unix systems is just the Documentation and Sources archive.
You can extract the files from the archive by putting it into a directory
by itself, getting into that directory, and giving the command
phylip.tar. Now it is a "tar archive".
Now just issue the command
tar xvf phylip.tar
font1" through "
font6") and a lot of "
.c" and "
.h" files, plus some Makefiles and a file called
README. You should read it.
To make executables, use your C compiler. You can probably just
make sure there is a directory "
bin" within your current directory and type
make install". If there are problems, look into changing the
CC line of the
For some pre-prepared Unix/Linux executable packages and a test suite for Unix/Linux PHYLIP, see our executables page.
... to the PHYLIP home page